Treating cancer patients is about fighting the disease and strengthening the immune system. The right nutrition can make a decisive contribution to this. In principle, the same nutritional guidelines apply, which are also useful for cancer prevention. Those affected should be guided by a full nutrition. We recommend a low-fat diet with plenty of whole grains, vegetables and fruits. It is favorable when animal products such as meat and sausage are less common. Natural and fresh foods are preferable to heavily processed ones. In this way, a sufficient supply of fiber, vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals can be ensured. It’s also possible Even in times of low food intake to achieve the highest possible energy and nutrient supply. However, the diet should not overload the stomach and intestines and should contain everything that is nutritionally necessary.
- There is no cancer diet
A uniform diet for cancer patients does not exist. Everyone has to find the right food for themselves. What is right depends on the individual’s situation and stage of illness. In patients who are most likely to be cured by surgery, diet can help prevent disease relapse. If, in addition to surgery, radiation or chemotherapy is necessary, the diet must be adjusted to the particular treatment phase. Because the body, the immune system, but also the digestive organs can be extremely stressed in these times. Prolonged radiation or chemotherapy can cause deficiencies in vitamins and minerals. Especially the vitamins A, C and E as well as selenium and zinc are affected. Then a dietary supplement may be useful. In the case of a tumor that can not be destroyed by surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or other methods, nutrition serves to strengthen and support the healthy parts of the body so that the patient can resist the cancer more effectively.
- What to do in case of nausea and vomiting?
Often there are physical problems during or after chemotherapy or radiation. Patients often complain of loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea or difficulty swallowing. But even through surgery on the stomach and intestine or through the tumor itself, the digestion may be disturbed sensitive. Proper nutrition helps alleviate the discomfort and also ensure adequate nutrition. Those who are tormented by nausea and loss of appetite should drink about three liters of liquid in small sips throughout the day. Particularly suitable are still mineral waters and herbal teas from peppermint, chamomile or fennel, whose essential oils soothe the digestive organs. Sometimes it helps to add some salt. This binds water in the metabolism and thus protects against dehydration. The person concerned should try every one to two hours best in small portions to eat what your heart desires. Attractively presented and in society it usually tastes better. The appetite can also be stimulated by well-seasoned soups, an artichoke cocktail or perhaps an aperitif. Unpleasant food odors should be avoided.
Diarrhea is not uncommon during chemotherapy. They are caused by irritation of the intestinal mucosa and are often painful. Light, non-bulking, low-fat and low-fiber foods can help here. Many small meals are usually better tolerated than a few large ones. Ha-fer, rice and linseed slime or soups and finely grated apple or banana nut have a soothing effect on the intestine. Other fresh fruits should be avoided by patients with diarrhea. In contrast to cow milk products, they usually tolerate soy milk products well. It is particularly important to balance the fluid loss. Chamomile, fennel or linseed tea, possibly mixed with a little salt, are particularly suitable.
- If nothing works
When constipated wrong eating habits often play an important role. But it can also be constipated by the disease itself or by the therapies. Thus, in a tumor in the abdomen hormones are secreted, which can paralyze the intestine. The tumor can also press directly on the intestine and hinder its function. It is very important for constipation to drink enough and to select stool-loosening foods. It has been proven to drink one or two glasses of water in the morning after getting up. By adding milk sugar or one to two teaspoons of naturally fermented fruit vinegar you can achieve a slightly laxative effect. High-fiber foods such as whole-grain flakes, shot and seeds, wholegrain bread, legumes, vegetables or fruit bring the digestion to framwork. However, beware of wheat bran. It stuffs additionally, if not drunk enough. It is important that the food and food are digestible and do not puff. Flaxseed, mustard seeds and soaked dried fruits such as figs, plums or pineapples help to get the intestinal activity back in motion.
However, if the constipation is due to cramps, nervous causes or inflammatory irritation in the small or large intestine, fiber can not bring the desired improvement. Flaxseed or fine oatmeal in combination with vegetable juice or spa whey, which contains very high-quality protein and is available in the health food store, are recommended here. A long-lasting constipation should never be treated without medical advice.
- Is the mouth dry or inflamed?
After radiation, patients often complain of dry mouth. This is caused by damage to the salivary glands. As a result, less saliva forms. As a rule, production starts again after half a year to one year. The constantly dry mouth, however, leads to an unpleasant feeling when talking and significant eating problems. Since the food can no longer be eingesickichelt, she does not slip well. In addition, the already beginning in the mouth digestion is disturbed. However, a skilful choice of food and a change in eating habits make it easier. Frequent small sips of peppermint tea and lemon water, even while eating, moisten the mouth and stimulate the salivation. The latter also applies to chewing gum, sour candy or sour fruit. Sour milk, Kefir, creams and cream promote slime formation. Dry and crumbly foods such as biscuits, crispbread or cakes are rather unsuitable.
In case of inflammation in the mouth, the food should not be too cold or hot, too salty, too sour or too spicy. Creamy soups, porridge, potato and carrot purée, oatmeal slices, rice or linseed, and applesauce cause little trouble. Chamomile or linseed tea soothes the inflamed areas. Light and well digestible meals with many vitamins, minerals and bioactive substances are to be preferred. That’s why fresh fruits, vegetables and salads are on the menu every day. Such a diet also provides numerous substances that strengthen the immune system.
- Remedy for chewing and swallowing problems
Especially with a tumor in the head and neck area, surgery or re-irradiation can lead to persistent chewing and swallowing problems. Patients continue to lose weight despite their hunger, because they can hardly eat anything or only extremely slowly. With such complaints help soups, paps or pureed dishes. Nevertheless, the person should chew intensively to stimulate the digestive enzymes. Coarse, hard and crumbly should be avoided. Small bites make chewing easier. Food such as freshly cooked, well-cooled applesauce, mixed drinks with cream or mushy food cultivate the entire mouth and throat.
- When weight and muscles dwindle
It is not necessary to eat more food to prevent unwanted weight loss or gain weight. It is also possible to enrich the food with calories. This can be done by adding extra fat such as butter, cream, high quality oils or full fat instead of lean cheese. If the food causes problems, food concentrates and astronaut food can also be used. Mixed juices, milk mix or Ouarkgetränke enriched with almond cream, cream, sea buckthorn or mango concentrates or sweetened with honey, help to absorb many calories and nutrients. In addition, the protein content of the diet should be as high as possible to prevent muscle breakdown. This can best be achieved via dairy products or, if necessary, via protein drinks. It has also proven itself To eat often small meals and to do it only on the plate, what you feel like. The tumor consumes a lot of energy and vital nutrients and active ingredients. These should be replaced as best as possible.
The connection and importance of nutrition and cancer is undisputed today. Decisive for the further course of the illness is to become active and to explore together with the doctor the optimal therapy options. As a result, everyone can personally contribute to his or her recovery.